Towns and villages were built on a model of people living over their work area, and this was done due to the fact that most of them had no other means of transportation than walking. They needed to be able to be at work first thing in the morning, so commuting was out of the question. Modern man has found that a long commute can take a serious bite out of their time with family and friends, so it has become an important choice to live near work or commute. There is a third option, and this is to create a space for a home office and telecommute.
Telecommuting has worked wonders for those who want to be close to home and still work. Modern industry and offices have found it is a good way to add to their workforce without the bother and expense of finding office space. It might seem like a panacea, but there can also be issues to overcome.